Q&A with Cardiologist Nazanin Azadi, MD
Nearly half of all American adults have some form of heart disease, according to the American Heart Association. We asked Nazanin Azadi, MD, who specializes in internal medicine, cardiology and interventional cardiology, to remind us why we need to pay attention to our heart health—especially now. Fears over the COVID-19 illness may have prevented people from undergoing cardiac health exams and having symptoms of heart problems assessed.
What advice do you have for patients concerned about maintaining heart health?
I’d tell them to incorporate four to five days of moderate exercise in their weekly routines, and to monitor their diet, avoiding any highly processed, high- carb and high-fat diets. Finally, ask your physician about your 10-year risk of having a cardiac event, based on your risk factors.
When should a patient see a cardiologist?
There are three groups of patients who should see a cardiologist. The first is any adult who has symptoms of chest discomfort with exercise or at rest. The second are patients who have a family history of premature cardiac events, specifically in their parents or siblings. These patients third group are those who have multiple risk factors for heart disease, such as high blood pressure, high cholesterol, diabetes, obesity, inactivity or smoking. Patients with three or more of those risk factors should see a cardiologist at least once to get further risk assessment.
When should a patient go to the emergency room?
Anytime you have the symptoms of chest pain or pressure, go to the ER. I usually say “discomfort,” because sometimes people don’t describe it as a pain that is new and sudden.
Can people safely undergo cardiac health exams and procedures during the COVID-19 pandemic?
Yes. We have undertaken many precautions to keep our cardiac patients safe from the threat of COVID-19 infection, including video health visits and extremely diligent disinfection protocols in our offices and hospitals. Never delay seeking care for a cardiac health condition. You may be doing yourself more harm.
How will patients benefit from the new affiliation between Providence Little Company of Mary Medical Center and Keck Medicine of USC?
Patients will benefit because it’s a collaborative, team-based approach to patient care. We’re now able to team up with our surgeons from USC to determine which intervention is the best fit for the patient. Sometimes patients would benefit more from a noninvasive or percutaneous approach to their treatment, versus surgical. And that’s where we sit down and meet with our surgeons and decide which treatment is best, taking into consideration the patient’s personal needs and their input as well.
What are some of the differences between men and women when it comes to cardiac care?
Research tells us that women are sometimes turned away in the emergency room, even when they have symptoms of heart disease, because there’s a perception that it’s more of a man’s disease. Also, often the women’s symptoms are not the typical left-sided chest pressure. Sometimes they’ll come in with abdominal pain or fatigue. When they see me, I always incorporate some sort of imaging with any kind of stress testing or risk stratification, because I find that imaging is more sensitive and specific. Overall, it’s important for women to not ignore their symptoms.
For more information on your heart health, contact 844-925-0942.
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